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The original form of the SOC-questionnaire consists of 29 questions. A shorter version of 13 questions was developed later. Validity and relability are is good for both SOC-29 and SOC-13 (Eriksson, 2007)

The scales may not be distributed in print or electronic form without explicit permission from the copyright holder (Avishai Antonovsky). Permission to republish the scale is required. For all forms of publications(including but not limitedto books, articles, theses, dissertations).

To obtain permission to use the scales, please contact Dr. Avishai Antonovsky at


Before obtaining permission please inform us about your research study via answers to the following questions:

1. What is your main research question or the main purpose of the study?

2. Which version of the scale will you use (SOC-29, SOC-13, other), in which language? Do you already have a copy of the scale and do you know how to calculate its score?

3. Are you aware that the use of the SOC scale is intended for research purposes only and not for clinical or diagnostic purposes?

4. What kind of population are you sampling and what is the sample size?

5. How do you intend to administer the questionnaire (in a group, individually face to face, electronically via secure web site etc)?

6. Are you familiar with Antonovsky's (1987) book, Unraveling the Mystery of Health, with the salutogenic model and with the theoretical considerations that have led to the construction of the "Orientation to Life" (SOC) questionnaire and The Handbook of Salutogenesis (2017), free access at?

7. What is your affiliation (university, department, postal address)


Updated by Eva-Lena Fast